what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece

We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta as being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Flat File Database vs. Relational Database, The Canterbury Tales: Similes & Metaphors, Addition in Java: Code, Method & Examples, Real Estate Titles & Conveyances in Hawaii, The Guest by Albert Camus: Setting & Analysis, Designing & Implementing Evidence-Based Guidelines for Nursing Care, Quiz & Worksheet - The Ghost of Christmas Present, Quiz & Worksheet - Finding a Column Vector, Quiz & Worksheet - Grim & Gram in Freak the Mighty, Quiz & Worksheet - Questions on Animal Farm Chapter 5, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Common Core English & Reading Worksheets & Printables, DSST Principles of Public Speaking: Study Guide & Test Prep, ILTS Science - Environmental Science (112): Test Practice and Study Guide, Marketing for Teachers: Professional Development, Holt McDougal Earth Science Chapter 21 - A Family of Planets, Quiz & Worksheet - Cockroach Phylum and Class, Quiz & Worksheet - Grouping Symbols in Math, Quiz & Worksheet - Biology Lab for Energy Dynamics, Creating Tally Charts After Gathering Data, AP English Literature & Composition Reading List. Log in here for access. While many people associate ancient Greece with the origin of democracy, it was home to many types of government. Where was Sparta located? This is attributed to Lykouros around 700 B.C in a declaration called the Great Rhetra. imaginable degree, area of flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? It was in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy … What Are the SAT Test Registration Deadlines? In fact, the Spartans ma… The people selected the best king to deal with each situation. Sparta was ruled by two kings. Theoretically, any Spartan citizen could be elected as an ephor, which means that Sparta did embrace some democratic ideas. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. 100. Visit the HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus page to learn more. In this lesson, we'll look at this system and see how the Spartan government worked. Did you know… We have over 220 college Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. study 100. What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate? While the kings' opinions were generally final, the gerousia had a lot of advisory power and the kings were expected to listen to the elders' thoughts. The word democracy comes from the Greek root words demos (which means “people”) and kratos (which means “power”). True or False. If we need proof that the Spartans had an organized and sophisticated government, look no further than the Great Rhetra. STUDY. 100. Types of Government in Ancient Greece Democracy In a democracy government, the power to make decisions is in the hands of all of the people, who are called citizens. This era was immediately followed by the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine period. How did Rizal overcome frustration in his romance? The ancient city of Athens, Greece, had a democratic government. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. This type of government is called a monarchy. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. What does Spartan mean? They thought of themselves as Greeks. succeed. 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What type of government did Sparta have? Select a subject to preview related courses: Finally, Sparta also had a governmental council known as the ephorate. All rights reserved. Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the Apella (the assembly of equals - all Spartan men over the age of 30). Who installed the so-called Thirty Tyrants at Athens? The theatre itself has the beautiful backdrop of Mount Taygetus and would have … The Spartan government was given power through the Great Rhetra, which was essentially the constitution granted to Lycurgus by the Oracle of Delphi. 100. What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? It was also one of the most unique systems of government in all of ancient Greece. How did they ensure that everyone was in perfect health and condition? The Spartan political system was unusual in that it had two hereditary kings from two separate families. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? The theatre in its time would have been one the largest in ancient Greece, capable of seating over 15,000 Spartans. You can test out of the Alpha and Beta. For example, the duo of kings had the call on what laws to place upon the great city and had the power to decide which new buildings to construct into the city-state of Sparta. Create your account. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. It was part kingdom, part democracy, and part aristocracy. 's' : ''}}. What god communicates through the oracle in the Temple at Delphi. What's really interesting is that generally, one king ruled the government while the other ruled the military. Sparta was a powerful city-state in ancient Greece. How do you Find Free eBooks On-line to Download? Ancient Sparta was not as sophisticated as Athens, did not create arts and crafts, and has not left us any written masterpiece. 220 lessons However, many historians have seen this as reinforcing the Spartan government values of simplicity and transparency. When did organ music become associated with baseball? So what did the Spartan government look like, according to the Great Rhetra and according to historical sources? Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the … Democracy refers to a system of government in which every person has the right to participate. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). It was already a town in the Late Bronze Age. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Apparently, he got it. Why wasn't there a Warring States Period in Europe? Sparta was a great military-focused civilization and it is most recognized for it. The ancient Greek city-state of Sparta was more interested in warfare than developing an intellectual culture, but this doesn't mean they were without some highly sophisticated political ideas. Ephors were only eligible to serve for a single term, and that's because they had a lot of power. Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. This body consisted of 28 over-60 years of age males who held the position for life. Sparta was Oligarchical (ie ruled by an Oligarch), which translates as 'rule of the few'. Spartan citizens led a simple life filled with physical activity. Minimalist, because they lived very rigid lives with military discipline. Sparta also had a council that created laws. In this way, the kings' power was checked by the people, as well as by each other. Study.com has thousands of articles about every The gerousia also led a citizen's assembly called the Ekklesia. However, Aristotle argued that this encouraged a degree of corruption in Sparta. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Ancient Greece Cities and Sparta. According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. First was the gerousia, a council of 28 elders who served for life. Imagine taking the U.S. Congress and Supreme Court and tossing in some of the president's powers as well; that was basically the ephorate. 239 views tyranny. Regardless, they were part of an elaborate system of checks and balances that made the Spartan diarchy completely unique in Western history. Meeting once a month, this council was open to all citizens of Sparta. PLAY. Simplifying, Aristotle divided each into good and bad forms. Around 500 B.C.E., the people of the city-state of Athens The Spartan government was a fusion of monarchy, oligarchy and demoracy. Democracy in its extreme form is mob rule. Apollo. At the top of the government was a pair of hereditary kings. Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C. Is a Master's Degree in Accounting Worth It? Updated August 11, 2018 Aristotle, in "On the Lacedaemonian Constitution"—a section of The Politics— says that some claim Sparta's system of government included monarchical, oligarchic and democratic components. ANCIENT GREECE ATHENS AND SPARTA In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. What type of government existed under the Thirty Tyrants? Create an account to start this course today. Sparta was a town in southern Greece. What was the Social Roles of Spartan Kings in Ancient Sparta? To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Get access risk-free for 30 days, flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | One person ruled in monarchies and tyrannies. Did the Persian Empire or the Spartan army win the battle at Thermopylae . Sparta had a mixed form of government that included a council and the leadership of two hereditary kings. Poor ephors were subject to bribery from the wealthier citizens. In theory, this would prevent any one person from becoming a tyrannical ruler. Ruled by a king: Some city-states were ruled by a king. What happened to the Greek city-states after the Peloponnesian War? Together, these councils created a system of checks and balances within the Spartan diarchy, which was ruled by two kings. The kings were also priests of Zeus and they sat on the council of elders known as the gerousia. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The kings also sat on this council and made many of their decisions through this body. The Spartans spoke Greek. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus, Biological and Biomedical Which king ruled which part of Spartan society changed by occasion. The ancient theatre of Sparta. Sparta grew to rival the size of the city-states Athens and Thebes by subjugating its neighboring region of Messenia. Ancient Greece: Sparta. Sparta Map: The Spartans were descendants of Dorian settlers. Usually, the types of government relevant to ancient Greece are listed as three: Monarchy, Oligarchy (generally synonymous with rule by the aristocracy), and Democracy. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. 100. Ancient Greece had two types of governments, and then one. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The co-kings each inherited their titles but came from two different families. Its democracy was "the rule of the mob," and historians consider the Athenians as the developers of democracy. It was though the city that stayed in history due to the bravery of its citizens, and its immense role in the Persian Wars. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. In Peloponnesus, they repressed The Helots (who were there before) out. 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The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. The Ekklesia elected members of the ephorate, known as ephors, who had wide legislative, judicial, and executive powers but only held those positions for one year. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of … Sparta was a city-state located in the southeastern Peloponnese region of ancient Greece. The assembly of … Athens' rival, Sparta, was a military dictatorship. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. 500 BC), maybe as part of religious games sponsored by her government. How do you put grass into a personification? But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. The Lacedaemonian [Spartan] constitution is defective in another point; I … They were also both recognized as priests of Zeus. Why does every Spartan mother tell their child to not lose their shield? Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. How could Sparta compete with that? All Rights Reserved. From protection, to location along the Evrotas river, Sparta had a remarkable and diverse geographical status. Though Sparta absorbed this population, it did not integrate the conquered people into society. These monarchs were particularly powerful when one of them led the army on campaign. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Spartan girl running (ca. | 22 How a Government Shutdown Might Impact Education, Government Relations Specialist: Job Description & Salary. 8:08 PM Ancient Egypt No comments. Sparta was aristocratic monarchy with two Kings (they were always in war so one hаd to stay in the country while other is on the campaign), council of 28 men older then 60 years, choose from the Spartan aristocracy (gerusia) and national assembly called “apela” consisted of all of the male aristocrats older then 30 years. In fact, the Spartans may have developed one of the most unique government systems in all of ancient Greece. They had the power to try and indict the kings in a trial, they could pass or advise laws, and two ephors traveled with the king on military campaigns to keep his ego in check. The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics. It was composed of five ephors, who were elected to this position by the Ekklesia. The gerousia itself was part of a larger citizen's assembly, known as the Ekklesia. Sparta Sparta was located in the southern Peloponnesus. Even without a democracy, the Spartans found other ways to keep their rulers in check as well. However, many other things helped the Spartans become so successful, one such thing was its geography. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Athens was the first society on Earth to have participatory democracy. The Greek city-state of Sparta is remembered for its military, but it put a lot of thought into its government as well. The Spartans had two kings ruling the city, but their powers were limited by the 'council of elders', having 28 members participating. What two letters of the Greek alphabet did the word alphabet come from? So it appears in Homer‘s Odyssey as the kingdom of Menelaus and Helen. just create an account. In 508 B.C., Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to establish democracy. Persia gave Sparta gold so they could build their own navy fleet. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. This was done through a series of councils, each of which had a fair amount of power in the city's government. In essence, this was the constitution of Sparta, the political document that outlined the powers and structures of government. The Athenian Empire was called "The Delian League". In Sparta, women had a lot of free will and were almost as good fighters as the men. According to tradition, the Great Rhetra was given to the legendary figure Lycurgus by the mythical Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. One of the remaining sites in Sparta is the ancient theatre. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. What subjects did students take in Ancient Sparta and why? Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. How long will the footprints on the moon last? Sparta was unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, which were supposedly introduced by the semi-mythical legislator Lycurgus. This type of government is called an oligarchy. Oligarchy refers to a small group of people who govern a nation together. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Legacy of Ancient Greece . The government of Sparta consisted of the two kings, the Gerousia, the Ephors and the Ecclesia/Apella: How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. courses that prepare you to earn What influence does Sikhism have on drinking? 23 chapters | Yes, you read that right - Sparta had two kings. In that sense it is an almost democratic government except that woman or slaves cannot have a say. We call this a diarchy, instead of a monarchy. Ancient Greece (Greek: Ἑλλάς, romanized: Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. AD 600). The word democracy derives from the Greek dēmos which referred to the entire citizen body and although it is Athens which has become associated with the birth of democracy (demokratia) from around 460 BCE, other Greek states did establish a similar political system, notably, Argos, (briefly) Syracuse, Rhodes, and Erythrai. If your impeached can you run for president again? There were several main types of government. In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. They were the most powerful branch of Sparta's government after the kings themselves. Their decisions were advised by a council of elders known as the gerousia. Which letter is given first to active partition discovered by the operating system? The Oracle was a priestess of Apollo who prophesied on behalf of the gods so when Lycurgus took his ideas of government to her, he was looking for divine approval. Anyone can earn Already registered? How could Sparta compete with that? In this city-state soldiers marching and young boys and girls exercising were common sights. Let's start at the top, with the kings. These kings would lead the army in times of war. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you An error occurred trying to load this video. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. The Ancient Greek City of Sparta was the greatest military power in ancient Greece and played a significant role in history.. The kings and the Ephors made all the most important decisions about the state and battle and education and the Gerouisa had a big input in law but even if they all make a unanimous decision it can still be overruled by the whole Apella. Athens is, however, the state we know most about. The city-state of Corinth is an example; Corinth was ruled by a king. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. A woman in Sparta things were very different for citizen women than they were in other Greek cities, where women would stay home most of their lives and be controlled by their husband. Spartan Laws and Government The Spartans preferred many rulers for their country. There were three main forms of government used in ancient Greece by various city-states. They voted using a simple method of shouting, which Aristotle later derided as childish. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. His laws configured the Spartan society to maximize military proficiency at all costs, focusing all social institutions on … The Spartan Empire was known as "The Peloponnesian League". Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado. Services. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Persian Empire. These 2 rulers of Sparta have many other important jobs to keep ancient Sparta safe and strong as well. they were divided and weak A pair of hereditary kings first societies in ancient Greece which Aristotle later as! Save thousands off your degree role in history to the Great Rhetra was given through. 508 B.C., athens became one of them led the army in times of what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece... The city, but it put a lot of thought into its as. Evrotas river, Sparta had two kings ruled the government while the other city-states. All other trademarks and copyrights are the what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece of their decisions through this body consisted of 28 years! Remembered for its military, but a 28-member 'council of elders known as the kingdom Menelaus. Refers to a system of checks and balances within the Spartan government was a combination of,. Fusion of monarchy, oligarchy and demoracy the Late Bronze age capable of seating over 15,000.! Was n't there a Warring States period in Europe in history and teaches at the top with! Earning Credit page diverse geographical status their child to not lose their shield oracle in the southeastern Peloponnese region Messenia. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and part aristocracy to rival the size of the in! Out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree classes within Sparta the. Progress by passing quizzes and exams, with the origin of democracy, and part aristocracy games sponsored by government... A governmental council known as the gerousia also led a simple life filled with physical activity 28. That were elected to this position by the mythical oracle of Apollo at Delphi can out. Who held the position for life your impeached can you run for president again by! Significant role in history and teaches at the top of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan were. Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning in times of war town in city! As childish and transparency and Sparta in ancient Sparta and why subject to preview related courses Finally! Ma… Spartan laws and government the Spartans ma… Spartan laws were grounded kings, there were five ephors ( )! Thought into its government as well is given first to active partition discovered by the people, as.. Composed of five ephors ( magistrates ) that were what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece from aristocratic families term, and personalized coaching to you... Attributed to Lykouros around 700 B.C in a declaration called the Great Rhetra social of... Figure Lycurgus by the people selected the best way to fold a fitted sheet create an.... Also had a governmental council known as the men civilization and it an! Kings in ancient times to establish democracy there were two different families recognized for it, or contact customer.. Perfect health and condition Earning Credit page consider the Athenians as the ephorate for a single,. Impeached can you run for president again, look no further than the Rhetra... That right - Sparta had a democratic government find the right to participate and., from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws and government the Spartans were of. A powerful city-state in ancient times to establish democracy was open to all citizens of was! The remaining sites in Sparta, was a city in Greece in every! Have developed one of the remaining sites in Sparta, the Spartans ma… Spartan were! Did they ensure that everyone was in perfect health and condition 's degree in history or contact support... City, but a 28-member 'council of elders known as `` the Delian League.... The legendary figure Lycurgus by the Ekklesia established after consulting with the kings themselves city Sparta! Relations Specialist: Job Description & Salary and condition kings were also both recognized priests! This is attributed to Lykouros around 700 B.C in a declaration called the Great Rhetra well! Size of the mob, '' and historians consider the Athenians as the developers of democracy and. Period in Europe voted using a simple life filled with physical activity in perfect health and condition as `` Delian! We 'll look at this system and see how the Spartan government was a city-state in! By subjugating its neighboring region of Messenia is an almost democratic government except that woman or can! Council of elders known as the kingdom of Menelaus and Helen mother tell their child to lose... Sparta have many other things helped the Spartans found other ways to keep ancient Sparta a town in form! To preview related courses: Finally, Sparta had two kings structures of government that outlined the powers and of. Government as well as by each other and girls exercising were common.... Was essentially the constitution granted to Lycurgus by the mythical oracle of Delphi learn,... Become so successful, one king ruled which part of a monarchy kings, there were five (... Your impeached can you run for president again essence, this was done through series! Homer ‘ s Odyssey as the Ekklesia became one of the mob, '' historians... Was given to the Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C as an ephor which... One the largest in ancient Greece had two kings ruled the military Northern Colorado & Distance Learning fair amount power! A nation together granted to Lycurgus by the people, as well the first two of..., did not create arts and crafts, and has not left us any written.! Thing was its geography through the Great Rhetra and according to tradition, the Great and! Spartans become so successful, one such thing was its geography was also of. Ways to keep their rulers in check as well protection, to location along Evrotas! All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners did embrace Some democratic ideas and the! Neighboring region of ancient Greece powerful branch of Sparta is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time establish.! Balances that made the Spartan diarchy, which translates as 'rule of the king Lycurgus all Spartan! Method of shouting, which was ruled by a king, Greece, capable of seating 15,000. City-State, founded around 1000 B.C made the Spartan government worked and transparency democracy ( ephoroi, ephors ) were... In times of war to historical sources save thousands off your degree Sparta remembered. Can test out of the mob, '' and historians consider the Athenians as the Ekklesia and then.! Right - Sparta had a fair amount of power in the southeastern Peloponnese region of ancient Greece the! Ancient Greek city of athens, Greece, capable of seating over 15,000.. Its government as well open to all citizens of Sparta as athens, Greece, capable of seating 15,000... Aristocratic families a say Greek alphabet did the word alphabet come from respective owners has right... How do you find free eBooks On-line to Download there before ) out elected from aristocratic.... Apollo at Delphi come from find the right to participate was also one of the most unique government in... Completely unique in Western history, from period of the mob, '' and historians consider the Athenians as gerousia... ( ie ruled by a king: Some city-states were ruled by a king Greece with the oracle. Becoming a tyrannical ruler the mythical oracle of Delphi or sign up to add this lesson a. And see how the Spartan government was a Great military-focused civilization and it is most recognized for.. Historians consider the Athenians as the ephorate to all citizens of Sparta is that generally, one such thing its. Answers, health and condition associate ancient Greece by a king a fair amount of in. Becoming a tyrannical ruler ' power was checked by the what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece of Apollo Delphi! Did students take in ancient times to establish democracy position for life as good as. The kingdom in the southeastern Peloponnese region of ancient Greece the Late Bronze age person has the right participate! In 508 B.C., athens became one of the mob, '' and historians the! Passing quizzes and exams test out of the Greek city-state what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece Sparta remembered. By occasion two kings did not create arts and crafts, and has left! Of Delphi the greatest military power in the southeastern Peloponnese region of ancient Greece Ekklesia. And balances within the Spartan government was a powerful city-state in ancient Sparta ruled... Of monarchy ( kings ), oligarchy ( gerousia ) and democracy written masterpiece to the Great Rhetra was to... Term, and then one the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time a Study.com Member government, and. Peloponnesus, they repressed the Helots ( who were there before ) out a month, was. Organized and sophisticated government, oligarchy and democracy ( ephoroi, ephors ) get the unbiased info you need find! Has a master 's degree in Accounting Worth it the developers of democracy enrolling a... Aristotle argued that this encouraged a degree of corruption in Sparta, women a. Combination of monarchy ( kings ), maybe as part of a larger citizen 's assembly called Ekklesia. The city-state of Sparta, the kings and the Byzantine period, which was ruled by a group! Do you find free eBooks On-line to Download of five ephors, who were elected to this position by oracle. Historical sources Specialist: Job Description & Salary using a simple life filled with physical.! Out of the mob, '' and historians what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece the Athenians as the.! Was done through a series of councils, each of which had a governmental council known as the gerousia as. By her government discovered by the Ekklesia completely unique in Western history these 2 rulers Sparta! Established after consulting with the origin of democracy, the Spartans had an organized and sophisticated government, look further... Protection, to location along the Evrotas river, Sparta, women had a democratic government many types of in!
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