Traffickers use Thailand as a transit country for victims from China, North Korea, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India, and Burma whom traffickers subject to sex trafficking and forced labor in countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Russia, South Korea, the United States, and countries in Western Europe. The Prime Minister’s office appointed two new senior advisory positions to supervise the government’s anti-trafficking activities and the government continued to monitor its progress to combat trafficking through data collection and annual reports to the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The Human Trafficking Criminal Procedures Act allowed judges to award compensation or restitution to victims, including in the absence of a victim request for these funds. Employers reportedly convinced Thai law enforcement to bring criminal charges against exploited workers for theft when workers attempted to leave or change jobs. Corruption and official complicity facilitated trafficking and continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts. • Increase efforts to ensure employers provide workers copies of contracts in a language they understand. In addition, some judges lacked sufficient understanding of trauma-informed care, which resulted in harmful treatment of victims during court proceedings. The government utilized administrative punishments against some suspected complicit officials, such as suspensions or transfers to new positions, rather than subjecting them to criminal prosecutions; the government expelled seven officials suspected of complicity from government service in 2018 but only reported initiating prosecutions against three. Some government officials are directly complicit in trafficking crimes, including through accepting bribes or loans from business owners and brothels that exploit victims. Nonetheless, observers reported labor officials interviewed workers in the presence of their employers and brokers at post-arrival centers, which could deter workers from reporting exploitation. Laurea-ammattikorkeakoulu Tiivistelmä Kerava Tourism Reetta Aliina Heikkinen Human Trafficking and Tourism Case: Thailand in the Media Vuosi 2015 Sivumäärä 45 Tämä opinnäytetyö on arvioitu ja julkaistu Toukokuussa 2015. The government conducted numerous training sessions, seminars, and workshops for police, prosecutors, and judges; trainings focused on anti-trafficking laws, improving efficiency of investigations, prosecution of labor trafficking cases, and victim identification. Ich höre das Knarzen des Bettgestells, das Schnaufen des Mannes und dank der dünnen Wände, hört es sich so an, a… Some highlight sex exploitation, while another shows a child begging under a separate campaign called "Can You See Me?". In recent months, it partnered with airlines and charities to warn visitors against involvement in trafficking, while urging them to spot and report potential cases. However, observers reported inadequate options for vocational training and work offered in shelters. The government distributed a new handbook in seven languages informing victims of their legal rights under the trafficking law, including access to services. PIPO centers conducted 78,623 inspections in 2018 and found 511 vessels operating in violation of the law. Children from Thailand, Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are victims of sex trafficking in brothels, massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and private residences. The government did not report investigating employers who illegally charged fees to such migrant workers. In 2018, the anti-money laundering office (AMLO) issued restraint and seizure orders for assets worth more than 509 million baht ($15.73 million) in trafficking cases, compared to 14 million baht ($432,770) in 2017. Officials did not consistently screen cases of labor violations for potential indicators of trafficking and sometimes encouraged workers to remedy their situation through their employer. Equality Now says human trafficking is a natural outgrowth of sex tourism, whether that tourism involves prostitution or ping pong shows. In 2018, the government conducted 259 labor inspections at on-land seafood processing workplaces and found 88 cases of labor law violations. Government data showed Thailand welcomed a record 35 million visitors in 2017, and forecasted it to rise to 37.6 million this year. MSDHS trafficking shelters did not allow victims—including adults—to leave or carry personal communication devices without permission. In addition, the Thai Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force (TICAC) investigated 19 cases of internet-facilitated child sex trafficking (18 in 2017). MSDHS approved a daily allowance of 200 baht ($6.18) to victims working inside government shelters; an hourly compensation of 100 baht ($3.09) was paid to victims who received interpretation skills training and served as interpreters during recreational or vocational training activities in the shelters. Labor inspectors, for the first time, identified and referred potential victims to multidisciplinary teams, resulting in the identification of labor trafficking victims. While the number of migrant workers entering Thailand through bilateral MOUs continued to increase, high costs, difficulties in obtaining identity documents in home countries, and administrative barriers to change employers continued to impede greater usage of this mechanism. The government worked with NGO-operated centers located near fishing markets to provide skills training, health screenings, and other resources to raise awareness of workers’ rights. Siroj Sorajjakool – author of the book “Human Trafficking in Thailand: Current issues, trends, and the role of the Thai government”- presents a historical evolution of the sex trade in Thailand, tracing its origins back to the early 1900s when slavery was abolished and thousand of unemployed, homeless women began to vend their body in order to survive. Unconfirmed reports indicated insurgent groups may have trained a small number of Cambodian children in schools in southern Thailand to serve as combatants; initial statements by Thai authorities, however, denied any evidence of insurgent links. Doch ich realisiere, dass nicht unsere Tür aufgeschlossen wird sondern die zum Nebenzimmer. Corrupt immigration officials facilitate trafficking by accepting bribes from brokers and smugglers along Thai borders. The government opened two new post-arrival and reintegration centers (five total) that assisted migrant workers who entered Thailand through the MOU process by providing information on labor rights, Thai culture, employment contracts, trafficking awareness, and complaint mechanisms; in 2018, 442,736 migrant workers received assistance at these centers. The government continued to investigate 20 officials suspected for their involvement in child sex trafficking in a case initiated during the previous reporting period. The OAG required all prosecutors to expedite the submission of trafficking cases to the Courts of Justice. Traffickers subject Thai nationals to forced labor and sex trafficking in Thailand and in countries in North America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. By law, MOU employers could recover costs associated with recruiting a migrant worker from the new employer when a worker requested to change jobs before the end of their employment contract; however, some employers charged these employees 20,000 baht ($618) to obtain their documents, making workers susceptible to debt bondage. The Longman Dictionary of English Language and Culture (1993) once … 18 April 2018. Most victims of human trafficking in Thailand are, in fact, of Thai nationality – The majority of trafficking victims identified in Thailand are Thai nationals, trafficked both domestically and internationally. From airports to shopping malls, the country is ramping up a campaign targeting tourists in its latest effort to keep the country free from human trafficking, as officials eye better international ratings. It is a destination-side hub of exploitation in the Greater Mekong Sub-region, for both sex and labour exploitation. Jordan Clark's 2005 documentary Falang: Behind Bangkok's Smile takes a rather critical view of sex tourism in Thailand. Prosecutors also worked with NGOs to prepare victims to testify and courts allowed NGO lawyers to serve as co-plaintiffs in some cases to legally support victims. Specifically, the paper looks at one form of human trafficking, the global sex industry and the relationship between sex trafficking and sex tourism. Advocates reported a need for the government to increase training of front-line police to better identify potential victims. Section 33 of Thailand’s Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, B.E. "We are doing our best," he said. Provincial labor offices required workers recruited under MOUs to present many documents that workers often could not provide without brokers’ assistance in order to approve job changes. Those identified and assisted by MSDHS included 152 Thai and 249 foreign victims, 186 victims of sex trafficking and 66 of labor trafficking; it was unclear what form of exploitation the remaining 149 victims faced. “Human trafficking and slavery are against the law in Thailand. In 2018, the government convicted 16 officials complicit in trafficking crimes (12 in 2017), sentencing them to terms of imprisonment ranging from five to 50 years; 10 of 16 convicted officials were sentenced to more than 15 years’ imprisonment. The government coordinated with these service centers to provide heath checks, collect biometric and personal data, and issue work permits to 1,187,803 workers in 2018. The tourism body said in March that the country is aiming to move forward as a "quality destination" and it strongly opposed any form of sex tourism. BANGKOK, April 18 — At Bangkok’s main Suvarnabhumi airport, a video repeats scenes of tourists visiting Thailand’s sunny beaches and its vibrant nightlife, but at the end comes a warning. From the mid-1300s to the mid-1700s prostitutionwas legal and taxed by the Thai government. “Human trafficking and slavery are against the law in Thailand. BANGKOK — Thailand continues to be a major center of global sex trafficking rings that extend to countries as far flung as Japan, Morocco and Germany, a … "Every effort is important," Weerachon Sukhontapatipak, a Thai government spokesman told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. #EndTrafficking https://t.co/9xfHNAMhS9. Observers reported the capacity of some provincial labor inspectors to identify potential victims improved. "There are certain people who believe you should separate prostitution from trafficking, saying one is work and the other is slavery," says Bien-Aime. Eyeing a better ranking, the government has vowed a clean-up. "Therefore we hope the situation in Thailand will be better, and it will be recognised by the international community.". Photo courtesy of Dorthea Shultz and Shear Love International It is also a hotbed of human trafficking and abuse. Labor traffickers exploit migrant workers in commercial fishing and related industries, the poultry industry, manufacturing, agriculture, domestic work, and street begging. More Pressure Needed on Myanmar to Take Back Rohingya: Bangladeshi PM. Labor inspectors working in PIPO teams verified crew lists using biometric data and worker interviews. • Inspect employment locations in border regions with workers employed under border-employment arrangements for trafficking. 18 April 2018. The US State Department last year left Thailand on a Tier 2 Watchlist - just above the lowest ranking of Tier 3 - in its annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report, saying it had not done enough to tackle human smuggling and trafficking. The government required fishing vessels operating in Thai waters to return to ports every 30 days and strictly regulated long-haul Thai-flagged vessels from operating in international waters. However, in recent the years the country has come under international scrutiny for failing to combat human trafficking, especially in its lucrative seafood industry. Commissioner, Torsak said the raid was led by the commander of the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Division, […] It initiated prosecutions against 416 illegal brokers (287 in 2017) under the Employment and Job-Seeker Protection Act. Officials inspected 7,497 adult entertainment businesses in 2018, leading to the prosecution of seven trafficking cases and the five-year suspension of licenses of 97 businesses for unspecified violations of law. Although authorities have prosecuted some boat captains in prior years, observers continued to report a reluctance by some law enforcement officials to investigate boat captains whom they perceived to have connections with politicians. MDTs, which comprised government agencies and NGOs, utilized standard screening guidelines to formally identify victims and refer them to services. Thailand rescued a record 1,807 victims of human trafficking last year, according to data that campaigners on Monday said raised concerns about the nation’s ability to support survivors. The government trained law enforcement officials, labor inspectors, interpreters, and MSDHS staff on victim identification and interview techniques and trauma informed care, sometimes in cooperation with NGOs. Last year a record 35 million tourists visited the country, and the government expects it to rise to 37.6 million this year. … Its victims often end up being sexually exploited in travel and tourist destinations around the globe. At Thai airports, banners greet visitors with warnings that human trafficking could "destroy" the country. The government identified 631 victims in 2018 (455 in 2017), 401 of whom the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (MSDHS) reported assisting in government shelters (360 in 2017). However, the government did not report whether labor inspections resulted in the identification of any trafficking victims. From airports to shopping malls, Thailand is ramping up a campaign targeting tourists in its latest effort to keep the country free from human trafficking, as officials eye better international ratings. Prosecutors frequently looked for evidence of physical force in labor trafficking cases. According to the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, Thailand is a “top destination for victims of human trafficking.” The majority of Thailand’s trafficking victims are voluntary economic migrants from countries like Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and China.They come only for the promise of a good job. Labor inspectors screened migrant workers for trafficking during inspections and were required to refer all potential trafficking victims to MDTs for formal identification and service referral. In addition, employers rarely provided workers a contract to keep or in their language. About 45 minutes outside of Pattaya, past shanties and roadside stalls selling mangoes, I arrive at the Anti-Human Trafficking and Child Abuse Center. Authorities did not consistently identify male child victims, which resulted in some being sent to immigration detention facilities or treated as law violators, rather than being offered victim services. In addition, law enforcement officials cooperated with foreign counterparts to investigate Thai traffickers abroad and foreign suspects in Thailand; these efforts resulted in the arrests of suspected traffickers in Cambodia, Malaysia, and the United States. These efforts included identifying more victims, sentencing convicted traffickers and complicit officials to significant prison terms, developing several manuals in partnership with civil society to standardize anti-trafficking trainings and policies. 3 May 2018. Thailand Taps Tourists to Fight Human Trafficking — and Keep the Country Smiling. MSDHS shelters did not provide specialized care to boys and LGBTI victims; in addition, authorities required transgender victims to stay in shelters based on their sex assigned at birth. The government prosecuted and convicted fewer traffickers and investigated only 43 cases of labor trafficking. A growing number of countries around the world are turning to the tourism sector to help combat human trafficking, including training frontline hotel and airline staff to spot the signs. are about 300 trafficking victims in Thailand per year.3 Between 2003 and 2008, statistics show that around 130 people from Thailand’s hilltribe have been rescued from human traffickers. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Civil society and government officials expressed concerns that varying levels of enforcement at PIPO centers encouraged some boat captains to choose ports with weaker inspections and enforcement. These are named “Welfare Protection Centers for Victims While the electronic payment system increased the ability of labor inspectors to verify wage payments, observers reported concerns that some workers were unable to access their funds due to a lack of ATMs near some ports, insufficient training on how to use the system, and the withholding of workers’ ATM cards and PINs by vessel owners, captains, or brokers. At Bangkok's main Suvarnabhumi airport, a video repeats scenes of tourists visiting Thailand's sunny beaches and its vibrant nightlife, but at the end comes a warning. 3,598 cases of human trafficking reported to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center [10]. 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